Description of the dachshund
Dachshunds are scent hound dog breeds who were bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes. Packs of Dachshunds were even used to trail wild boar. Today their versatility makes them excellent family companions, show dogs, and small-game hunters.
half a dog high and a dog and a half longH. L. Mencken
This small long dog is indeed small in size, but he is strong enough to hunt a badger. If you translate his name you will see why.
Dachs = badger – hund = dog.
So dachshund meaning the badger dog.
There are 3 different types of dachshunds:
- the long-haired: crossing with spaniels and Irish setters
- the wire-haired dachshund: crossing with various terriers and the Schnauzer
- the short-haired: original type
And there are 3 different sizes:
- standard (chest size over 35 cm with a weight up to 9 kg)
- dwarf (chest circumference of 30 to 35 cm with a weight ranging between 6 to 7 kg)
- kaninchen (chest circumference up to 30 cm with a weight varying between 4 and 5 kg)
The dachshund dog is a powerful, well-behaved dog with short legs. It behaves proudly and has an intelligent expression. It has an extended head, a long snout, robust jaws. The teeth in scissors bite with extremely strong fangs (They usually has 42 teeth). His eyes are oval, dark red or brown-black with an energetic and friendly expression. His ears are long and hanging on his cheeks. His body should have a strongly protruding sternum and a moderately contracted belly. The fur of the dachshund should be shiny, smooth and uniform. Two-tone dachshunds have a coat with areas of bright maroon and deep-black, brown, or gray.
Character and temperament
The dachshunds are sociable family dogs but are also hunting dogs with great stamina. They also make good watchdogs.
The breed is not an obedient dog by nature, but with the right obedience training you can raise your dog. The Dachshund is an intelligent, resourceful dog and they have a curious and courageous character.
Character traits of short-, wire- and long-haired dachshund
The short haired dachshund has the most specific characteristics. They are very affectionate dogs.
The wirehaired dachshund is often a temperamental, energetic and extraverted dog due to the terrier input.
The long-haired dachshund is a somewhat calmer and gentle type.
Dachshunds are lively, affectionate and proud dogs. They are very devoted to their family.
They are good dogs to travel with.
They are at their best with older children. They generally get along well with other pets. They are quickly jealous and when they get irritated they can bite.
The dachshund can act wonderfully to get his way. They consciously seek eye contact. A puppy course is recommended. When this breed is grown up, it becomes a very loyal dog.
They can live up to 12-15 years
Dachshunds are one of the most popular dog breeds
They weight is between 4 and 7 kilograms
They are friendly and active dogs
Dachshunds are suitable for flat living. They are quite active inside and will do well without a garden. These are active dogs with surprising endurance and they like a regular walk or a game in the park.
They should not be overfed, because this dog breed tends to be overweight.
Care of the dachshund
The long-haired variety requires a daily combing or brushing. The rough-haired needs a semi-annual trim. Clean the short hair once in a while with a damp cloth.
Dachshunds are known to have vertebral problems because of their long back. This dog is not such a good choice for those who have a house with many stairs. To further protect the Dachshund’s back, the dog should not jump on and off furniture and his weight should be monitored.
Origin and history
Short-legged dogs are already depicted in ancient Egyptian and Greek temples and in Chinese art. Dachshunds would be descendants of the oldest German Hunting Dog breeds such as the Bibarhund or the German Beagle. On illustrations from the 13th century, the ancestors of the dachshund can be seen in the hunt for badgers. They will have changed a little since then, but the fact that dachshunds have existed for hundreds of years does not doubt anyone.
This breed was bred to hunt and to follow badgers in their burrows under the ground. With their short legs they dug out the badgers and followed them into their den. For that he has an excellent nose and excellent hearing. The smaller dachshunds were bred to hunt for hares. The Teckel has many “terrier” characteristics. They are versatile and courageous dogs and are known to go after foxes and otters, as well as badgers.
In 1888, the German breed club was established for the short-haired variety. In 1880 the first breed standard was established in the United Kingdom. The dachshund quickly spread and became a valued companion dog worldwide.
The shag was created by crossings with the Dandie Dinmont Terrier and other terriers, the longhaired crosses of the short-haired dachshunds with the Cocker Spaniel and the Stoberhund (an old German hunting dog).
Is a Dachshund a good family dog?
This breed makes a perfect family dog. They aren’t to big, friendly, curious. Some individuals are a bit spunky.
Why are dachshunds so bad?
Dachshunds aren’t bad at all, the reason for their bad behavior is you didn’t educate the puppy good enough. They have a hunting instinct, so it’s normal for them to hunt unless you learned them to behave.
Is a Dachshund a good first dog?
They can be almost everyone’s first dog. They are social and friendly, not to big, so easy to move. They are also easy to train.
Are dachshunds intelligent?
Dachshunds are in the top 100 most intelligent dog breeds to have. The Stanley Coren IQ test does only work with a working dog. They doesn’t have a lot of will to please and can be a little stubborn.
Are Dachshunds smart?
Dachshunds are in the top 100 most smart dog breeds to have. The Stanley Coren IQ test does only work with a working dog. They doesn’t have a lot of will to please and can be a little stubborn.
What are the most popular Dachshund names?
Some of the most popular names for Dachshunds are: