- 1 Description of the dachshund
- 2 Dachshund in a nutschell
- 3 Character and temperament of the dachshund
- 4 Character traits of short-, rough- and long-haired dachshunds
- 5 The dachshund as an actor
- 6 Living conditions of the dachshund
- 7 Life expectancy of the dachshund
- 8 Care of the dachshund
- 9 Color dachshunds
- 10 Origin of the dachshund
- 11 Photos
Description of the dachshund
Dachshunds are scent hound dog breeds who were bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, rabbits, and foxes. Packs of Dachshunds were even used to trail wild boar. Today their versatility makes them excellent family companions, show dogs, and small-game hunters.
half a dog high and a dog and a half longH. L. Mencken
This small long dog is indeed small in size, but he is strong enough to hunt a badger. If you translate his name you will see why.
Dachs = badger – hund = dog.
There are 3 different types of dachshunds:
- the long-haired: crossing with spaniels and Irish setters
- the rough-haired: crossing with various terriers and the Schnauzer
- the short-haired: original type
And there are 3 different sizes:
standard (chest size over 35 cm with a weight up to 9 kg)
dwarf (chest circumference of 30 to 35 cm with a weight ranging between 6 to 7 kg)
kaninchen (chest circumference up to 30 cm with a weight varying between 4 and 5 kg)
The dachshund is a powerful, well-behaved dog with short legs. It behaves proudly and has an intelligent expression. It has an extended head, a long snout, robust jaws. The teeth in scissors bite with extremely strong fangs (The dachshund usually has 42 teeth). His eyes are oval, dark red or brown-black with an energetic and friendly expression. His ears are long and hanging on his cheeks. His body should have a strongly protruding sternum and a moderately contracted belly. The dachshund fur of the dachshund should be shiny, smooth and uniform. Two-tone dachshunds have a coat with areas of bright maroon and deep-black, brown, or gray.
Origin of the dachshund
The dachshund originally comes from Germany and is often used here as a watchdog and hunting dog. There he is also called ‘Waldmann’ (Woudman), because even the most spoiled dachshund in the forest becomes a passionate hunter. Originally they were bred to hunt badgers. Hence the name ‘dashond’. But it is also used for hunting roe deer, wild boar, rabbits and foxes.
Dachshund in a nutschell
Character and temperament of the dachshund
De teckels zijn gezellige gezinshonden maar zijn tevens jachthonden met een groot uithoudingsvermogen. Het zijn ook een goede waakhonden.
De teckel is van nature geen gehoorzame hond, maar met de juiste gehoorzaamheidstraining kunt u je hond wel degelijk opvoeden. De teckel is een inteligente, vindingrijke hond en ze hebben een nieuwsgierig en moedig karakter.
Character traits of short-, rough- and long-haired dachshunds
The short-haired dachshund has the most specific characteristics. They are very affectionate dogs.
The shaggy dachshund is often a temperamental, energetic and extraverted dog due to the terrier input.
The long-haired dachshund is a somewhat calmer and gentle type.
Dachshunds are lively, affectionate and proud dogs. They are very devoted to their family.
They are good dogs to travel with.
They are at their best with older children. They generally get along well with other pets. They are quickly jealous and when they get irritated they can bite.
The dachshund can act wonderfully to get his way. They consciously seek eye contact. A puppy course is recommended. When the dachshund is grown up, it becomes a very loyal dog.
The dachshund as an actor
If you do not know the famous dachshund Crusoe I advise you to look for him on youtube, FANTASTIC.
Height and weight of the teckel standard:
Height: 35-45 cm
Weight: 9 kg dwarf:
Height: 35 cm
Weight: between 6 and 7 kg kaninchen:
Height: 30 cm
Weight: 4 and 5 kg
Living conditions of the dachshund
Dachshunds are suitable for flat living. They are quite active inside and will do well without a garden. These are active dogs with surprising endurance and they like a regular walk or a game in the park.
They should not be overfed, because this dog breed tends to be overweight.
Life expectancy of the dachshund
Care of the dachshund
The long-haired variety requires a daily combing or brushing. The rough-haired needs a semi-annual trim. Clean the short hair once in a while with a damp cloth.
Dachshunds are known to have vertebral problems because of their long back. This dog is not such a good choice for those who have a house with many stairs. To further protect the Dachshund’s back, the dog should not jump on and off furniture and his weight should be monitored.
Monochrome coat color
First of all, there are the four monochromatic coat colors. Although they are very rare they do exist
Then there are the color combinations with tan point ; tan point are light brown color spots on the muzzle, the eyebrows, the chest and the four feet. Curiously, the tan point marking also occurs in combination with coat colors that do not appear as a monochromatic coat color.
Dapple is a mottled fur color that results from a dilution in the pigment of the coat. In other dog breeds this color is usually called merle In the dachshund this coat pattern is always accompanied by tan point markers, something that is often not the case with other dog breeds. At the dachshund, dapple is only available in two versions. In contrast to other breeds, where merle exists in 3 versions.
Brindle, is a coat pattern where the coat is drawn with vertical stripes reminiscent of tiger stripes. The color is extremely rare in dachshunds, but has gained popularity in recent years.
Origin of the dachshund
Short-legged dogs are already depicted in ancient Egyptian and Greek temples and in Chinese art. Dachshunds would be descendants of the oldest German Hunting Dog breeds such as the Bibarhund or the German Beagle. On illustrations from the 13th century, the ancestors of the dachshund can be seen in the hunt for badgers. They will have changed a little since then, but the fact that dachshunds have existed for hundreds of years does not doubt anyone.
The dachshund was bred to hunt and to follow badgers in their burrows under the ground. With their short legs they dug out the badgers and followed them into their den. For that he has an excellent nose and excellent hearing. The smaller dachshunds were bred to hunt for hares. The dachshund has many “terrier” characteristics. They are versatile and courageous dogs and are known to go after foxes and otters, as well as badgers.
In 1888, the German breed club was established for the short-haired variety. In 1880 the first breed standard was established in the United Kingdom. The dachshund quickly spread and became a valued companion dog worldwide.
The shag was created by crossings with the Dandie Dinmont Terrier and other terriers, the longhaired crosses of the short-haired dachshunds with the Cocker Spaniel and the Stoberhund (an old German hunting dog).