English BulldogLast modified on
Country of Origin
Today’s bulldog is quite different than the early version of the breed. It was originally developed to hold bulls for butchers and was later used for the blood sport of bull baiting. When this sport was outlawed in 1835, the need for the breed ceased. However, fanciers worked to keep the breed alive as a companion, placing value on its gentle temperament and distinctive looks rather than its fighting skills.
The bulldog is a medium-size but massive dog with a heavy, thick-set body. The head is very large, broad and square. The forehead is flat and the face is very short with a short, upturned muzzle. The massive jaws are square and the lower jaw is undershot with thick pendant chops. There are dark eyes, a black nose and small rose ears. The chest is broad and deep with a short back. The naturally short tail is straight or screwed. The skin is soft and loose, especially at the head, neck and shoulders. The coat is short and it may be brindle, white, red, fawn, yellow or piebald.
12 to 16 inches
40 to 50 pounds
The bulldog is gentle, stable and affectionate. Although it is courageous and capable of great power, it gets along with almost everyone. On the down side, it has a proclivity for snorting and drooling, as well as chronic flatulence. It is occasionally scrappy with other dogs.
The bulldog is adaptable and can do well in an apartment.
Protection from heat, socialization, training, wrinkle cleaning on face.